• Henrik Rosenskjold
4. term, Physical Geography, Master (Master Programme)
Several kilometers of Danish streams are to undergo restoration in the river basin management plans (2015-2021). The municipalities and the local water councils (vandråd) have suggested procedures for the restoration of the streams. Restoration with coarse material (e.g. stone, gravel and wood) is the most frequent suggestion measured in kilometers and money. Traditionally stone and gravel is preferred to wood, despite the fact that restoration using wood is recommended as a cheap and effective method in many papers.
In this thesis several methods for using coarse woody debris (CWD) and large woody debris (LWD) are studied. The field study takes place in two minor streams in Silkeborg municipal called Sandemandsbækken and Grundel Bæk. In Sandemandsbækken anchored logs and whole trees were used and in Grundel Bæk root balls were anchored in two different ways.
The study is designed as a Before, After, Control, Impact - design (BACI), with two measurements before, three measurements after, three control stretches and three impact stretches on two scales - a 2 meter stretch and 50 meter stretch. The design is identical in both streams. In each stretch and each scale the substrate, water depth and water velocity were measured. In addition the water level was logged, cross sections were leveled and the numbers of fish were counted.
The means and variances were statistically examined with a confidence level of 95 % using a one-way ANOVA with Bonforroni Post hoc-test and a χ2-test. In addition qualitative analyses were conducted ArcGIS and Excel.
The results show that the variation of the substrate, the depth and the water velocity did not differ significantly on a 50 meter stretch. On a 2 meter stretch however both the mean and variance for the water depth is significantly different, while only the variance is significantly different regarding the water velocity and the substrate varies in location but not in composition. Furthermore the results show that the water column increases upstream the LWD and the population of river trout responds positively to the placing of CWD and LWD in Sandemandsbækken. In Grundel Bæk there were no population of river trout before the experiment, and it was the same afterwards.
The study shows that LWD is a recommendable approach for the restoration of streams if the objective is to improve physical conditions for river trouts. Placement of LWD is both cheap and effective in many ways, but there is still a need for studies examining the effects for macroinverbrates.
Publication date10 Jun 2015
Number of pages81
External collaboratorALECTIA
Esben Astrup Kristensen eakr@alectia.com
Place of Internship
ID: 213891005