• Stina Kristiansen
4. term, Social Work, Master (Master Programme)
In connection with the legal decision of the Child Reform (DK) which entered into force on 1 January 2011, there has been an increased focus on early detection. This study addresses a small but undescribed part of this effort.

The study hypothesis is:

An analyze of the authority social workers versus the consultative social adviser role in early detection.

- What opportunities and barriers are appropriate to involve authority caseworkers and consultative social workers in the early detection?

- Is it suitable to involve the authority caseworkers or/and consultative advisers in the early detection or use their resources better in preventing the arise of the problem and the effort to solve the problem?

The study meta-theory is a combination of methods hermeneutics and philosophical hermeneutics, with a little inspiration from phenomenology.

The survey analysis and conclusions are drawn on the basis of 16 interviews with respectively authority caseworkers, consultative social advisor, co-partner of the normal range, as well as parents who have been affected by early detection.

The areas of the study primarily affect is how the general picture of social worker employed inside the children and youth arear, power asymmetry social work and parents in between, the risk of stigmatization, media attention to social work with children and youth and authority social workers and the consultative social adviser working conditions affect respectively authority social workers and the consultative social advisor opportunities and barriers to providing social sparring for early detection.

The study's main conclusion is that the authority caseworkers have more multiple barriers to early detection than consultative social advisors. Barriers that seem to be focused on two main areas, however, cannot be completely disassembled.

One area deals with the environments way to see authority caseworkers - on the common knowledge storage. It seems to have its source in the external power authority social workers through the legislation on services holds. At the same time it seems as if the many negative stories, not at least in the press, continue to add new negative inputs to this. The consequence of this is that both parents as co-partners experience increased power asymmetry and increased risk of stigmatization parents and children.

Also the consultative social advisors are basically affected by the same barriers, primarily in relation to the parents, but the consultative social advisors or co-partners who is the contact between the parents and the consultative social advisors, informs the parents about that the consultative social advisors do not have authority powers, the barriers in whole or in part, seems to disappear in most cases. In relation to co-partners seemed barriers also disappearing, partly due to the consultative social advisors work differently, partly due to personal knowledge.

Also authority caseworker’s barriers reduce in relation to the co-partners as it gives a personal knowledge, which leads to the second area. The informants describes that the authority caseworkers do not have the time and resources needed to build the personal knowledge that the majority of professional informants describe as a major factor in early detection.
Taking in the organization of early detection in mind that it takes time to build up a personally relationship, authority caseworkers and their co-partners in-between it appears that many of the barriers between authority caseworkers and co-partners can degrade. In relation to parents it seems more complicated due to the perceived power asymmetry and the general picture the environment has of social workers in the child and youth field.

The conclusion thus lends itself to that in future municipal policy-design in relation to early detection realize what kind of social sparring that has to be included. If you wish involvement of social sparring in the early meeting with the parents, it is estimated that the effect is greatest at a use of consultative social advisors because they do not face the same degree of barriers as the authority caseworkers.

Alternatively municipalities can use authority caseworkers as sparring to co-partners, who then is responsible for the direct meeting with the parents.

Selects to use authority caseworkers instead of consultative social advisors in the early meeting with the parents, it is estimated that there is a great need for information. In spite of information activities, I believe that one must expect that efforts will be less effective, due to an increased reluctance from parents and co-partners working with the authority case workers.

Publication date17 Sept 2012
Number of pages83
Publishing institutionAalborg Universitet, Kandidatuddannelsen i Socialt Arbejde
ID: 68401080