The study of IoT and home security

Student thesis: Master programme thesis

  • Daniel Ellebæk
4. term, Master of IT (Continuing education) (Continuing Education Programme (Master))
This report examines the impact of Internet of Things (IoT) devices on Information Technology (IT) security within Danish homes and businesses. IoT devices, widely embedded in the form of smartphones, tablets, gaming consoles and other forms, contain software of varying security levels. Despite their diverse functionalities, they pose significant IT security challenges due to outdated software and other inherent vulnerabilities.

Motivated by a growing interest and gap in the field of IT security, this study focuses on how these IoT devices influence IT security. A handful of commonly used IoT devices are assessed through literature reviews to identify potential weaknesses and their contribution to security compromise.

With the increasing tendency of remote work, particularly propelled by the Coronavirus pandemic, there is a pressing need to examine the safety of home workplaces. As the presence of IoT devices increases, questions around the comparability of security levels across devices like smart TVs and smart bulbs arise. The study hypothesizes that IoT devices are lowering IT security in Danish homes and making home workplaces more vulnerable.

The report presents data on remote work prevalence, explains the IoT concept, undertakes a systematic literature review, and discusses security measures as per ISO 27001. This project aims to examine the extent of the threat posed by IoT devices in Danish homes and their implications, focusing particularly on the security of home workplaces.

As such, the key research question is: How are IoT devices in Danish homes a threat to IT security, and how can they be secured? Through this investigation, the report contributes to a deeper understanding of the complexities of IoT device security, ultimately aiming to increase attention to digital system protection.

The main conclusions drawn from this report are that IoT devices in Danish homes can pose serious security threats, including the risk of cybercriminals gaining access to sensitive information. To enhance security, key measures such as increased education and awareness on IT security, improved IoT architecture, regular software updates, and the use of strong passwords and two-factor authentication were emphasized. Additionally, the importance of standardizing security standards for IoT devices was underscored, as it will contribute to higher security levels and user convenience. This research underscores the urgent need for continuous research in this ever-evolving field to develop effective solutions and build a secure IT infrastructure within Danish households.

Publication date30 May 2023
Number of pages60
ID: 532298739