• Abdulrahim Haroun Ali
Zanzibar, just like many countries around the world is experiencing the continuous rise of electronic waste (e-waste). Apart from e-waste originating from fresh and new imported electronic and electrical equipment (EEE), Zanzibar is also experiencing a major influx of second hand EEE being imported to the island. Data from Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA), indicates the rising of EEE importation in Zanzibar from estimated 3000 tonnes in 2012-2013 to over 5200 tonnes in 2013-2014. It is still unclear how many tonnes of the total imported EEE are becoming waste at the end of the year. Author estimated just 10% of the imported EEE are becoming waste at the end of the year, which means almost 520 tonnes are estimated to be generated in the year 2013-2014 only which is quite a threatening statistic. In addition to the electronic waste that was generated from the previous years in a country which lacks collection, dismantling and disposing facilities more waste is accumulated in streets and informal landfills as seen in the developed mass flow model.
The main objective of this project is to formulate desired and operational e- waste business models that will fit best in Zanzibar context. The business models will open new business opportunities and will help in reducing accumulations of e-waste in landfills and streets. After intensive literature review, analysis and interview feedback from stakeholders, PPP business model is selected to be the preferred business model. This is because in PPP business model, the involvement of a public sector is crucial in supporting the model in terms of risk sharing, resources such as land, security and labour support, policy issues, investment refunds but only if the government agrees during the contract agreements. An ICT collection strategy is innovated to support the selected viable business model by ensuring the availability of sufficient waste and reducing the transaction cost of recycling firms.
This research also analyzed consumer’s willingness to support the collection strategy and the adoption rate of the proposed ICT collection strategy. Using Theory of Planned Behavior and Roger’s Diffusion Theory, 400 questionnaires were distributed in 4 different streets. Consumer’s intention towards the behavior of using mobile application to sell e-waste is at promising average of 6,895 (out of 7) and an adoption rate to the proposed innovation of mobile is also excellent at 6,9228 (out of 7).
With PPP business model integrated with the innovated ICT collection strategy that consumers showed high intentions towards the behavior of using it and high adoption rate of the proposed innovation, e-waste problem in Zanzibar will be solved by great extent and will open e-waste business opportunities with the help from ICT.
Publication date7 Jun 2017
Number of pages124
ID: 259343644