• Mette Elmbæk Jacobsen
4. term, Global Refugee Studies, Master (Master Programme)
The objective of this thesis is to examine the discourses on a potential genocide on the Rohingyas through the analysis of four chosen articles from China Daily and the Guardian. The crisis in Rakhine that got the international communities attention in 2017, where nearly 700.000 Rohingyas fled to Bangladesh, makes for an interesting study as there seem to be different political opinions, and in this likewise different discourses on the crisis. I use the method of Fairclough’s three dimensional model in analyzing the articles. I use this critical discourse analysis as it is an in-depth analysis that examines both the linguistic aspect and the social practice in a given material. The theoretical background that frames my empirical findings is studies on genocide, with the emphasis on the field of critical genocide studies. I likewise use the theory on transitional justice. As I frame my research question on the notion of a potential genocide on the Rohingya, it is important to understand how genocide can be defined in legal as well as academic aspects, and how transitional justice might fit into this discourse that come to light through the articles. All this is examined and answered through the research question: What are the similarities and differences between the discourses on a potential genocide on the Rohingyas in the articles from China Daily and the Guardian? This thesis is likewise organized around working questions that build up the research question as these questions examine the discourses on the Rohingya crisis in the international community, with the focus on UN, and the discourses in respectively the Guardian and Daily China. From the study I conclude that the discourse on the Rohingya crisis in the articles from the Guardian portray a darker reality, than that of the articles in China Daily. The discourses on the crisis in the four articles then likewise correspond to their respective countries discourse on the crisis. The UK indicating that the atrocities committed by the Burmese military, the Tatmadaw is similar to the act of genocide, whereas China seems reluctant in admitting this. Though the discourses seem quite different, there is likewise a similarity. The similar discourse is seen in the social practice in the articles, that indicates a belief in transitional justice. This belief is seen in the articles discourse on the Rohingya as the victim, and as people that should have certain rights, such as being able to return home to Myanmar.
Publication date14 Oct 2019
Number of pages50
ID: 312438991