• Esther Waweru
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting -FGM/C is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. Its debate is one that has been contested for a long time and it is one that tends to bring about an emotional response from all who understand it or have come across it. Many do believe that this practice should be eliminated from the face of the earth as it does more harm than good to the physical being of the woman. On the other hand there are others who argue that it is a matter of culture and a sense of identity and that that cannot be judged by any other person apart from those within this culture. The purpose of this paper was to investigate how the local organisations and governments have dealt with the eradication of the practice and this was presented with the two case studies i.e. Kenya and Ethiopia. The research paper sought to understand as to why the practice has taken such a long time to be eliminated considering it has been presented to be harmful to the lives of women who go through it. The main focus lay on the arguments of universalism human rights theory which is heavily depicted by those opposing the practice and the right to culture which is depicted by cultural relativism theory. As a conclusion the author notes that the local organisations and governments have participated in the fight against FGM/C and they have archived some results. However the conclusion also points out that the current argument of FGM/C being a violation of the human rights may be the ideology that seems to fit in well with most countries but it has faced its criticism and these objections reflect the slow rate of eradication of this practice
Publication date29 Jun 2012
Number of pages55
ID: 65537095