• Jakob Mulbjerg Gravers
4. term, Public Administration and Social Science (Master Programme)
This thesis is about a discourse analysis of the recently held public enquiry regarding environment plans for the water area of Limfjorden. The enquiry was an open process, where the public and interest groups could present their proposal for the future environmental plan concerning nature and water (lakes, rivers, sea and drinking water) preservation and improvement, for Denmark to be on the right track of fulfilling their EU commitments. The directive from the EU is incorporated in Danish legislation by ‘Miljømålsloven’ (Act on Environmental Goals). As noted before the area for this thesis is, the proposals concerning the water area of Limfjorden in Denmark and the surrounding land area. The reason for doing so is that there were about 1700 proposals in total which is too many for this relatively limited thesis. By narrowing it down to the Limfjords-area on the web-site www.vandognatur.dk, where the proposals were published, the search engine on the same web-site reduced the empirical data to 90 proposals. To make a discourse analysis possible, the four elements of Norman Fairclough’s discourse analysis is presented: * Force * Coherence * Intertextuality * Interdiscursivity But before the main discourse analysis; the 90 proposals were divided into two categories dictated by the networks analysis theory. This is because the goal of the dissertation is to find discourse divergence between for example the proposals from the municipal cities (i.e. Aalborg City) versus the proposals from green groups (Danmarks Naturfredningsforening (Denmark’s Nature conservation association) and others). Networks analysis theory is used to make a ‘checklist’ that divides the 90 proposals into: * Policy community and * Issue network After this categorization Force & Coherence are looked at by regulations and statutes, found on the Internet, regarding the interest groups (Cities, green/recreational groups, businesses) mainly in the Policy communities and Issue networks. Also Coherence is transformed into an analysis about which ideologies that lie behind the interest groups: * Politic ideology: Cities, counties etc. * Recreational ideology: Green, leisure, recreational groups etc. * Business ideology: Farmers, fishermen etc. Onwards to the last part of the analysis – intertextuality and interdiscursivity – the empirical data is narrowed further down to 20 proposals due to the fact that the thesis is limited to 75 pages. The 20 proposals are then used to find the intertextualities and interdiscursivities and the conclusion is that there are divergences: policy communities mainly make use of manifest-intertextualities and that Issue networks mainly make use of intertextualities that are of the non-manifest kind. On the subject of interdiscursivity the picture given is that it is not used very much for either category of networks. The reason is fairly simple: the texts in the empirical base of this thesis are highly official and strictly technical versus if it was comprised of newspaper articles on the same subject with a more creative use of words and phrases. All in all, Force and Coherence are fairly common knowledge so to speak – what kind of ideology and what power an organisation participates with is not hidden - and the interesting conclusion is the use of manifest versus non-manifest intertextualities separated by what kind of network the proposal comes from. If it is from a Policy community it was manifest intertextualities and if it is from an Issue network it is non-manifest intertextualities that are mainly used. The lather is more common when the ideology is green/recreational and the former is more common when the ideology is political or business oriented.
Publication date2009
Number of pages408
Publishing institutionAalborg Universitet
ID: 18551219