Målet er motivation

Student thesis: Master thesis (including HD thesis)

  • Anja Louise Simonsen
4. semester, Sports Science, Master (Master Programme)
Teachers, coaches, exercise professionals and any one else working in the physical domain all recognize the importance of students, athletes and partipants motivation. Several studies, theories and litterature have been conducted trying to understand and explain the factors that motivate and determine behaviors in sport and psysical activity (Hagger and Chatzisarantis, 2007; Feltz et al., 2008; Frederick et al., 1993; Kremer et al., 2011; Murphy, 2012; Duda and Hall, 2001; Matsumoto and Takenaka, 2004; Ntoumanis and Biddle, 1999). An increasing tendency in the domain of psysical activity and fittness are the use of personal trainers (Thompson, 2013; McClaran, 2003) which refer to a one-on-one interaction between a trainer and a client. Like in any other given coach-to-player, teacher-to-pupils or fittnees instructor-to participants context the personal trainer also need to be aware how he or she can motivate and maintain clients in the traning program. The purpose of this study was therefore to examine the motivational processes that occurs in the domain of personal training and thereby understand and determine how personal trainers can motivate their clients. To examine this, the present study, conducted five qualitative interviews with clients and three qualitative interview with personal trainers trough a Grounded theory inspired approach for data collection and analysis. Based on the analysis common themes were generated. Succeeding identied themes were then compared and discussed in relation to Self-determination theory (Deci and Ryan, 2002) and Acheivement Goal Theory (Duda and Hall, 2001). The study indicates that the motivational factors that occured related to the clients motivatinal levels could be linked to the theory of Self-determination theory and Achievement goal theory. In addition this provides personal trainers an opportunity to stimulate clients motivation through helping clients to define mastery orientated and realistic goals, clarify clients progress in relation to intrapersonal standard, involved clints in the planning and give the clints different traingsoptions, provide a positve and specfik feedback pattern and supply reinforcement for improvement, mastery and progress and finally show commitment, interest and care fore the clients.
Publication date2 Jun 2014
Number of pages54
ID: 198394628