• Amanda Louise Hill
10. term, Master in Environmental Management (Master Programme)
EU waste policy is currently encouraging all Member States to decrease the environmental impacts of waste management by restricting the amount of waste that can be landfilled, and instead encouraging technologies and management options that are placed higher on the waste hierarchy. This report investigates the use of life cycle assessment (LCA) as a planning tool to be used in conjunction with the waste hierarchy in order to identify the waste management option that provides the best environmental outcome for municipal waste management plans.
An LCA study is performed for household food waste management in the City of Aalborg, Denmark. In the LCA an incineration scenario is compared with an anaerobic digestion scenario. Both of these options are considered to be recovery operations and the technologies appear side-by-side in the waste hierarchy.
The results of the LCA show that when applied in conjunction with the waste hierarchy, LCA can be a useful tool for the planning of municipal waste management plans as it allows municipalities to directly compare the actual environmental impacts of different technologies and planning options. Furthermore, through system expansion a consequential approach to LCA may encourage municipalities to integrate waste management with processes in other sectors.
Publication date10 Aug 2010
Number of pages97
ID: 35483574