• Elisabeth Lone Behrenthz Andersen
4. term, Sociology, Master (Master Programme)
Today’s society and specially the Danish health care system is characterised by a strong individualism and business-like values like efficiency and productivity which have influence on all sectors of the health care system. As a result of this, tendencies of health promotion and prevention of risk factors such as unhealthy diet, smoking, no physical exercise and drinking alcohol. Earlier the traditional society was characterised by solidarity and help was giving to those who needed it, but the new and post-modern focus on health promotion and prevention request the modern individual to take responsibility of its own health.

On these ground ten nursing clinics were established in the municipality of Hjørring in the year of 2013. These clinics aim to provide home nursing service to the citizens who are well enough to transport themselves to the clinics. However not all of them have the same success in treating the citizens at the nursing clinics and this is what this study aims to examinate. The study is based on the hypothesis that different cultures can be found within this nursing districts, that courses different ways of regrading if the citizens should be treated a home or at the nursing clinics.

This study is based on six ethnographical observations in selected nursing clinics in two districts, followed by phenomenological semi-structured interviews with five nurses. These will be analysed hermeneutic and supplied by sociological theories including Alfred Schutz’ concept of time, along with Maiken Schultz’ symbolic cultural analysis. These theories will be supported by the traditional nursing philosophy of Kari Martinsen.
The empirical findings from the analysis, shows that the nurses from the two districts have similar comprehensions on the concept of time and the way it is affecting their work, in the nursing clinics. Even though some of the nurses describe time as structuring, they all enhanced that working in the nursing clinic provides them flexibility as well. On the concept of culture and solidarity within the districts, as well on the view at good nursing, the nurses from District 1 seem to put an emphasis on professional competence and efficiency, whereas the nurses from District 2 focus on caring. All of the nurses put an emphasis on the relational part of nursing including trust, recognition and continuity in treatments.
This study concludes, based on empirical findings, that the above-mentioned differences could be the reason that the districts have different success-rates but more research is needed to confirm the hypothesis.
Publication date6 Aug 2015
Number of pages94
ID: 217024395