• Charlotte Svendsgaard Jeppesen
Introduction: There is an increasing focus on food production methods and food quality, and as a derivative alternative food networks are emerging. Within the European Union, Geographical indication certifications are implemented as a way to guarantee food quality. Currently Denmark only holds six certifications (PGI), and the current certification are amongst larger producers.
Problem statement: What is the perception of the Geographical indications in Denmark, and how does this perception contribute to challenge current means of governance?
Methodology: The study is based on archival research and six semi-structured interviews with producers from Netværk for Dansk Terroir, PGI certified Lammefjorden Grøntsagslaug, AgroTech consultancy firm and Danish Veterinary and Food Administration. The interviewees have been selected based on Situational analysis and Grounded theory, which have also shaped the theoretical approach.
Theory: Social Construction of Technology serves as the theoretical framework. Additionally, theoretical aspects of alternative food networks, certifications, and cultural aspects of food production are an integrated approach. Moreover, the Governance triangle and Technological systems are included in the theoretical approach.
Analysis: The analysis combines the theoretical approach with preformed interviews. This is supplemented with key point from the literature search.
Conclusion: There is a lack of knowledge of the Geographical indications among the Terroir producers and a general lack of interest in certifications. The Geographical indications are perceived as a bureaucratic system, which does not facilitate market access for small-scale producers. The system leaves out the social context and does therefore not fit in to the Danish food system. The Danish food system does not perceive place of origin as quality. Quality is related to objective indicators, mainly food security. The alternative network and their values links to the term Terroir, however the current PGI registrations are predominantly held by larger producers. Alternative food networks are focusing on a bottom-up approach with a closer contact to the consumers. Whereas the Geographical indications is constructed a top-down governance approach, this challenges the current means of governance.
Keywords: Geographical indication, alternative food networks, terroir, certification, local food, governance.

Publication date5 Jan 2014
Number of pages76
ID: 207438431