Excitation Forces on Point Absorbers Exposed to High Order Non-linear Waves

Student thesis: Master thesis (including HD thesis)

  • Thomas Hansen Viuff
  • Morten Thøtt Andersen
4. term, Structural and Civil Engineering, Master (Master Programme)
Wave energy devices are often located in intermediate or shallow water close to the free water surface where the wave exposure is extreme. The structures typically consist of large thin curved plates, spherical shells, or cylindrical structures which are sensitive to pressure loads. The lack of proper methods to calculate design pressure distributions has led to structural failures such as buckling in the shells in wave energy prototypes. As a step towards understanding the complex loading from high order non-linear waves, this paper presents a practical approach to estimate wave excitation forces accounting for both nonlinearity and diffraction effects. The method is validated by laboratory experiments using a hemispherical point absorber with a 6-axis force transducer, but the technique is believed to be applicable for most types of submerged or semisubmerged floating devices. The applied method is based on calculation of
a peak force coefficient defined as experimentally measured forces on the structure divided by forces estimated by the chosen theoretical method. Methods used include an integration of the undisturbed wave pressure over the surface of the structure, corresponding to the Froude-Krylov force, and a numerical solution to linear potential diffraction theory. Since the two methods have mutual limitations in describing higher order waves and diffraction, a combination of the two will be introduced.
LanguageEnglish
Publication date10 Jun 2013
Number of pages63
External collaboratorWave Star A/S
Morten Kramer mmk@civil.aau.dk
Other
ID: 77398004