• Karen-Emilie Trier Kreutzfeldt
Background: The organic sector aspires to a fron-
trunning position in sustainability by increasing self-
sufficiency. In this case, it is desired to phase out the
import of soybean meal as protein feed and increase
national alternatives instead. Thus, this study aims
to environmentally assess the differences in the im-
pact of the soybean import compared to Danish fava
beans and grass protein concentrate (GPC).
Method: The assessment is performed as a conse-
quential life cycle assessment (LCA), based on the
ISO14040, 2006 and ISO14044, 2006 with the use of
Exiobase database.
Results: The LCA results show soybean meal import
has the lowest impact on nature occupation and global
warming, fossil followed by fava beans and lastly grass
protein concentrate with the highest impacts. In res-
piratory inorganics, soybean meal has the highest im-
pact, followed by GPC and fava beans with the lowest
Conclusion: At an overall level can be concluded
that the soybean meal import has the lowest environ-
mental impacts compared to fava beans and grass pro-
tein concentrate. This indicates that the production
site does not necessarily influence the environmental
impact positively. Instead, it is a question of how to re-
duce the meat demand among consumers; thus, plant-
based protein can increase market share. Danish pro-
duction of protein crops for human consumption will
positively affect the aspired position in sustainability
SpecialisationEnvironmental Management and Sustainability Science
Publication date3 Jun 2022
Number of pages118
ID: 472044736