• Lea Christensen Nielsen
  • Anne Cecilie Overgaard
4. term, Global Refugee Studies, Master (Master Programme)
Ethiopia has a long history of hosting refugees, and in 2017 the country became one of the first to implement the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework. The country has long been perceived as a peaceful haven in a conflict-ridden region. Based on fieldwork in Ethiopia, this paper examines the implementation of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework in Ethiopia and what the implementation and collaboration on refugee protection displays. Based on a literature review of the international refugee regime over time, this paper finds that two objectives have been pursued since the establishment of the international refugee regime, namely self-reliance to bridge humanitarian assistance and development, and the question of burden-sharing. These objectives are also the core of the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants to which the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework is annexed. Said framework is guiding the implementation in Ethiopia. Thus, this paper questions how the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework by reviving old objectives can succeed and which consequences said framework has on the lives of refugees. Through an analysis of the implementation of the objectives in the context of Ethiopia, informed by interviews with Eritreans who are part of the Out of Camp Policy, the paper outlines how the promotion of refugee self-reliance is limited to a small number of refugees, and moreover runs the risk of creating a new form a camp, namely by deciding the space and restrictions for refugees under industrial parks. Despite these risks, the implementation of the nine pledges and the enrolment of the new Refugee Proclamation in Ethiopia can definitely be seen as a step in the right direction. However, the most vulnerable might be the ones to pay the biggest price. Furthermore, this paper critically examines the motivations and ambitions behind Ethiopia’s implementation of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework. By accepting the premise of the cross-issue linkage between refugees and development, as laid out by the international refugee regime, the government of Ethiopia can attract development assistance to fund its own goal of becoming a lower-middle income country by 2025. Moreover, by collaborating and accepting the implementation of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework, the government of Ethiopia not only attracts funding but also good-will and is thus one step closer to become a regional hegemon.
Publication date15 Oct 2019
Number of pages80
ID: 312481904