• Sara Kitten Engstrøm
This study seeks to understand to how Mexican diaspora engagement efforts have enabled and facilitated diaspora contributions, as well as the opportunities and limitations of these efforts. Governments, scholars and international institutions have gradually showed more interest in the subject of diasporas and, in particular, how diasporas may influence development in the countries of origin. In the last two decades, Mexican governments have strengthened and institutionalized several diaspora engagement efforts, which has led to a considerable rise in diaspora contributions. Specifically, this study focusses on three different efforts; the consular network, the 3x1 program, and the Paisano program. This study analyzes the driving and restraining forces of Mexican diaspora engagement efforts by including the elements of Agunias & Newand’s Road Map for Engaging Diasporas in Development (2012). The analyzed efforts have all enabled and facilitated different types of diaspora contributions to Mexico. The analysis has four main findings. First, efforts within the consular network have enabled the access to banking services among members of the Mexican diaspora. As a result, now more and cheaper money transfer services are available. Then, with the 3x1 program, organized diaspora members are offered a more structured and institutionalized way to transform collective remittances into community projects. The developmental effects of the 3x1 program are unclear as the projects are chosen based on the collaboration aspects of the program instead of from an economic logic. Next, the Paisano program focusses on the dispersal of information to members of the diaspora, as well as, the training of civil servants. The primary objective of the Paisano program is to support safe homecoming members of the diaspora and the program primarily contributes to increased diaspora tourism. Finally, the study finds no clear relationship between the level of human development, well-fare and the level of poverty in the top remittance receiving states.
SpecialisationLatin American Studies
Publication date21 Dec 2015
Number of pages63
ID: 224355264