• Mie Bladt Fink Nissen
4. term, Psychology, Master (Master Programme)
This theoretical project studies the frames and conditions for understanding diagnosis in the current society and the meaning it has for the individual to be diagnosed. First there will be a section about the historical view of the understanding of diseases as well as of the diagnostic manual of mental diseases. The section will end with a view on the challenge to define normality. Afterwards the frames and conditions for understanding a diagnosis will be viewed as being created by the diagnostic manual by defining what is normal and pathological in regard of Allan V. Horwitz and Jerome C. Wakefield’s pathologization explanation, as created by the demands of the performance society to the performance individual in regard of Anders Petersen’s epidemic explanation, and as created by the different accelerations in society in regard of Hartmut Rosa’s acceleration society. The meaning of becoming a diagnosis will then be viewed through how the individual creates self-interpretations in regard of Rosa’s self-interpretation model, how the individual is categorizing itself in regard of Henri Tajfel and John Turner’s social identity approach, and in how a person is being categorized by its features in regard of Erving Goffman’s stigma theory. In continuation hereof the discussion investigates reasons why the amount of people having a diagnosis is so low when the theories are preparing the ground for an increase in the amount of diagnosed people. One reason could be resilience, where people can be more resilient than before, can have something to do with the relationship between resilience and vulnerability, where people have not had a traumatic experience or that society can be seen as promoting resilience. It can also have something to do with that most people do not have any problems following the speed of the development or that people are using the diagnostic words without visiting a doctor to prove if using the word is correct. Another discussion point was about the possible pros and cons for an individual to be diagnosed. The pros are about having an explanation for the differences, the individual can experience, taking away the blame and guilt there can be associated with being different, and having the diagnosis as an excuse. The cons are about the feeling of being judged to be someone particular, and the possibility of getting stigmatized. The last discussion has a theoretical view where the theories similarities and differences are explored through three different themes.
Publication date30 May 2017
Number of pages79
ID: 258651878