• Mie Kristine Jørgensen
  • Anne Krogh Jensen
  • Ditte Marie Findahl Christensen
4. term, Psychology, Master (Master Programme)
The obvious thesis is a theoretical examination of change in psychotherapy. As future psychologists we are curious about the profession, we are about to be a part of. We ask ourselves: What is essential in treatment and how is it possible for us to make a change in another human being? Behind this curiosity we have a hypothesis about the therapeutic alliance, the relationship between therapist and client, as an important part for change to happen. The main wonder in order to this is: What is the changing aspect in this therapeutic relationship? This thesis seeks to examine therapeutic change as it is described by psychoanalytic theory. To get different views on the subject, the obvious thesis will include drive theory, object relation theory and attachment theory; both the classic theory and the more modern affect regulation theory. The obvious thesis shows that there are different kinds of change depending on the focus of the theory but also on the goal of the therapy. The different kinds of change in psychoanalytic therapy are described as integration, where the client achieves a deep change, defined as a change in the structure of the personality. This is also inextricably linked with insight, where the client develops a new understand-ing of something that has been repressed. At last change can also be seen as some-thing taught or as an inspiration. It is our understanding that these kinds of change have different goals where integration is the deepest type of change. With this under-standing we try to examine the subject further by introducing other theories and point of views. In general it is difficult for the original theories to explain the changing aspect and the process in which it happens. This is also why different per-spectives help to shed light on the discussion of the changing aspect. Overall it seems that the changing aspect in the therapeutic relationship has to do with the involvement of the therapist and the processing of both his own and the emotional material of the client. Afterwards it seems relevant to discuss and consider how this understanding of change can be included in treatment and therapy in society. Cognitive therapy is one the most widespread types of treatment as it offers quick relief with a focus on symptom reduction. We ask ourselves if this is a result of society’s demands of a more scientific approach in psychology today, where the psychoanalytic therapy can be harder to examine compared to cognitive therapy with Randomized Controlled Trials. The obvious thesis shows that if the goal is to obtain change in the personality of the client, the therapist must do an extensive and thorough work with himself. This therapeutic work involves working with the subjective difficulties and defences, and in this way transference and counter transference become important elements in order to understand change and how it occurs. As a perspective to this result and as an addition to our introductory wonder we ask ourselves how this discovery can be included, not just in society in general but also in the study of Psychology at Aalborg University.
Publication date29 May 2015
Number of pages107
ID: 213138033