• Sigíður Birna Björnsdóttir
The Icelandic population has been prone to deal with multitude of natural disasters, including extreme storms, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, avalanches and landslides, which all have caused harm in the past and continues to threaten livelihoods and infrastructures. Natural disaster impacts are often divided into direct effects and indirect effects both causing economic and social structural disruptions. Direct effects can lead to indirect effects since they are associated with each other and can cause ripple effects within economic activities. This paper aims to address the research gap concerning how indirect effects of avalanches are being communicated between different stakeholders in Natural Disaster Management (NDM) in Iceland and how much attention those effects get. Additionally, a stakeholder map for indirect effects of avalanches in Iceland will be created. This study is structured as a case study of NDM regarding avalanches all over Iceland. Data collection was achieved with document analysis and stakeholders' qualitative interviews. Theoretical approaches of Risk Communication and Disaster Management Cycle were used to create a conceptual framework to guide the analysis. Analysis shows that indirect effects are recognized and communicated in NDM in Iceland. Attention in Iceland regarding indirect effects is mostly in relation to prevention of indirect effects and social well-being. With the creation of the stakeholder map, a visualization of involved stakeholders is made available.
SpecialisationEnvironmental Management and Sustainability Science
Publication date2023
Number of pages42
ID: 532653881