Busplan 2018: The direct way through the city

Student thesis: Master thesis (including HD thesis)

  • Michael Damgaard Rindal
  • Michael Stie Laugesen
This project is based on a scenario for 2018 where the new Cityring for the Metro in Copenhagen is opened and the increased congestion on the roads in the Greater Copenhagen area, has lead to a congestion charging scheme in the municipality of Copenhagen. As a result of these infrastructural changes, there will be a need to plan for a rearrangement of the bus services, in order for the busses to supplement the other public transport modes in Copenhagen, and at the same time be an alternative to car transport after the congestion charging has been implemented. This project will therefore set up a new Busplan 2018 with the purpose of planning an effective public transport system. Public transport is assessed to be a good alternative to car traffic, when the public transportation can compete on parameters like travel time and price. In order to figure out, how to rearrange the bus services, theory about public transport is analysed on an overall level, in an attempt to find possible concepts to base the public transport services on. This theory is supplemented with theory about the choice people make, when they choose their mode of transport. By combining the two types of theory, a model for the public transport planners possibilities to influence the transport choice is established. This model indicates how the transport planner can plan for certain parameters for the public transport, an in this way, hopefully support a modal shift towards more use of the public transport. In order to get more background knowledge about planning in relation to new metro systems and new congestion charging schemes, four case studies have been made. These are investigating how planners in other cities have dealt with the topic of making the busses supplement infrastructural changes like the ones in Copenhagen. The four case studies are about congestion charging schemes in London and Stockholm, best practice planning of rails and busses in Zürich and planning for the busses in connection with the two first stages of the metro in Copenhagen. Based on the theory and the analysed case studies, recommendations for how to handle bus planning in connection with extensions of metro systems and congestion charging schemes are set up. These recommendations are utilised to build up two proposal for an overall bussystem in the municipality of Copenhagen and two proposals for a local bussystem on Østerbro in Copenhagen. The two proposals on each level are planned as respectively a system with the purpose to supply efficient transport to the inhabitants and a proposal for public transport, which should be able to compete with the car traffic. All four proposals for bussystems have been presented at a workshop arranged by the group in Copenhagen. Attending this workshop were public transport experts from Copenhagen as well as people with interest in local bus services on Østerbro. The workshop gave the project group good inspiration to modifications of the presented bussystems. In this way the final bussystem on both overall and local level in Copenhagen is based on both the groups own recommendations for bus planning and the inputs from the workshop. Especially the use of bus lines with direct route profiles and good changing possibilities with other means of transportation is a recommendation, which have been utilised in the making of the new bussystems for Copenhagen.
Publication date2007
Number of pages242
Publishing institutionInstitut for Samfundsudvikling og Planlægning, Aalborg Universitet
ID: 10175657