• Wilfred Segun Iyekolo
Post-colonial Sudan has been in a constant state of conflict and witnessed only a short interregnum of relative peace since its creation in 1956. The conflict among other factors has been arguably rooted in ideological cum religiosity struggles and perpetual marginalization of some sections of the population especially the sub-Saharan South and other minorities elsewhere.

From Machakos protocol 2002 up until the Comprehensive Peace Agreement [CPA] 2005, a cease-fire has been negotiated between warring actors and a framework for peace established- one of the provisions of which is the Southern-Sudan Referendum for secession, January 2011. According to reports, it appears the south might secede following the results from the referendum as the turn outs were overwhelming and the 60% benchmark would have been reached while this abstract is written.

Therefore, is the ‘dust about to settle’ in Sudan and will all be well soon? Is this the last of the conflicts in Sudan? Are we at the beginning of the total disintegration of the restive country? How are we sure the emerging states would not slip back into conflict almost immediately?

The study seeks to focus on the problem option: Why inspite of the CPA and Southern Sudan Referendum for Independence, the cycle of conflicts may not have been broken in Sudan?
Publication date30 Jun 2011
ID: 53220333