• Mikael Kjærgaard Laursen
4. semester, Vand og Miljø, Kandidat (Kandidatuddannelse)
Recent years have seen several cases where heavy rainfall has caused major flooding in cities which has
cost the community a lot of money in the form of damaged buildings and infrastructure. According to
DMI’s climate forecast there will be a change in both the total annual precipitation and rain intensities in
the individual events throughout this century. It is expected that in Denmark will occur more and longer
dry periods without rain in the summer, but the rainfall events will be more intensive. In the winter there
will be a general tendency of more precipitation.
Based on this problem this project investigate whether it is possible to use some of the forecasting
tools that are available today to predict urban flood caused by heavy rainfall. The study includes an
investigation of two heavy rainfall events, which caused flooding in a small town, Lystrup, just north of
Aarhus. The two cases took place respectively the 26. of August 2012 and the 13.-14. of July 2014.
The two forecasting tools is based on different methods of estimating precipitation. The first method is
a nowcast model which is based on extrapolation of radar data. This method is best applicable seen at a
local scale and in leadtimes of 10-120 min.
The second method is a numerical weather model. This is most easily applied on a larger scale and in
leadtimes of 1-24 hours.
Both forecasting tools showed a potential to forecast flooding of the two events. For both tools, there
was some uncertainty about estimating the correct intensities and time during convective rainfall. The
Nowcast model tended to underestimate the precipitation strongly, due to the convective rainfall that
occurs in short periods of time, which limits the longer lead times considerably. The weather model
could predict the convective rainfall, however, the uncertainty in estimating the exact location of it is
relatively high.
Overall, the analysis has shown a potential to do a flood prognosis, however, it is difficult to definitively
make an assessment of the potential from the studied containing two heavy rainfall events. It is expected
to be necessary to study more of the same type of events to give a final assessment of the potential.
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato10 jun. 2015
Antal sider113
ID: 213907363