• Uttam Prasad Uprety
4. semester, Global Refugee Studies, Kandidat (Kandidatuddannelse)
The objective of this thesis was to explore the factors influencing migration, human trafficking and sexual exploitation in Nepal from Nuwakote and Sindhupalchok districts of Nepal. Trafficking of women and girls for sexual exploitation has been an ongoing issue in Nepal but due to recent globalization and lack of employment created by unstable political situation, growing population and socio economic differences in Nepalese society this issue has raised in an alarming rate and needs.
Qualitative methods in form of semi structured interviews and key informant interview has been used as data collection tools and the results have been explained descriptively based on the information gathered. The study tried to explore various push and pull factors that have contributed towards trafficking of women and girls from rural areas of Nepal. Lack of education, empowerment, social discrimination based on cast and ethnicity were identified as main push factors whereas the demand for cheap labor, employment opportunities and better lifestyle in neighboring countries were identified as pull factors attracting rural population to migrate. These pull factors were later found being used by traffickers to lure vulnerable women and girls for the purpose of trafficking. Similarly the study also addressed the perspective of local governmental and nongovernmental organization working towards the prevention of trafficking from Nepal. Various political, social and economical reforms were identified as preventative measures. The research identified that trafficking can only be prevented by collaborative and holistic approach and by positive reformation and development of all dimensions i.e. economical, social and political dimensions.
Udgivelsesdato30 jun. 2014
Antal sider64
ID: 201336429