• Hanna-Maija Saarinen
4. semester, Europæiske Studier, Kandidat (Kandidatuddannelse)
The changing geo-political environment, which emerged after the end of the Cold War, brought with it the realisation of the existence of a widening and broadening scope of security issues. Security was no longer only connected to military threats, but became associated with the political, economic, societal and environmental sectors as well. To the southern EU Member States, this brought about the increasing threat of a massive migratory flow from North Africa as a result of political instability in for example Algeria. Migration became to be seen as a threat to the societal security in the European countries and it is argued that migration went through a process of securitisation, where the perception of migration as a security issue became accepted by the public. Subsequently, the attention of the European Union was directed towards the Mediterranean, and the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership was established, with a view of creating an area of dialogue, exchange and cooperation, guaranteeing peace, stability and prosperity. This thesis aims to answer the question: To what extent has the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership influenced migration in the Mediterranean region, and why? By studying the causes and consequences of migration from the Mediterranean partner countries to the European Union, the activities related to migration within the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, and developments in the field of migration in Morocco, it is concluded that the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership has only had modest influence on migration in the Mediterranean. The main reason for this is embedded in the differing interests of the Mediterranean partner countries and the European Union, on the one hand, and of the individual EU Member States, on the other hand. The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership is found to be modelled according to the changing interests of the EU Member States, which is why migration has only come to be prioritised in the recent years. Hence, it has as of yet only been possible to detect modest influence.
Antal sider133
Udgivende institutionDepartment of History, International and Social Studies, Aalborg University
ID: 14257657