• Iva Petrova Yankova
4. semester, Kultur, kommunikation og globalisering, kandidat (Kandidatuddannelse)
This paper is observing the case of Czechoslovakia 1989. It seeks to find the nonviolent components of the struggle used by the people during the Velvet revolution. Moreover, the paper aims to classify them using the nonviolent theories of Gandhi, R.Gregg and G.Sharp. By the systematizing of the nonviolent methods and tactics and the finding of the components of the nonviolent struggle, the paper could receive answers to the important moments for the nonviolent nature and tactic of the transition in 1989. This paper is a case study, but with the observation of one side-comparison case – the one discovered to be most similar – the Polish opposition case. The study is implementing the content analysis of five semi-structured interviews and the historical representations of the possible roots of the nonviolent struggle. In the paper are searched possible roots of the nonviolence in the Czech lands, with the consideration of observing contemporary history. The paper analyses the possible transitional style and methods coming from Poland and discovers for the travelling of the idea of nonviolence and the guerilla collective practices. The paper categorizes the components of the nonviolent struggle and finds the most similarities with the moral nonviolence developed by Gandhi and Gregg, but also many pragmatic tools used naturally from the people without the idea of strategizing. In the fulfilling of the paper are taken into considerations the limitations of the common character as time and limit of pages and the core limitation of the possible undiscovered sources in the possible to understand the local language, but still foreign. The paper exemplifies and develops a separate section with self-developed methods from the people in the revolution in Czechoslovakia 1989. Moreover, it concludes that the emerging of the nonviolent society in Czechoslovakia was due to many efforts for high moralization of the society and wide-spread ideal for truth.
Udgivelsesdato31 maj 2016
Antal sider78
ID: 234455095