• Christina Plesner Madsen
4. semester, Europæiske Studier, Kandidat (Kandidatuddannelse)
The WTO was established as successor of GATT in 1995. In spite of its relatively new creation, the WTO holds the same organisational problems as the older international institutions of Bretton Woods, which together represent global governance, as we know it today. More specifically, WTO’s structure and decision-making procedure are accused of not having developed in line with globalisation, which has resulted in WTO being unable to successfully dealing with the increasing number of members accessed as well as issues – trade and non-trade related - raised in its framework. However, the lack of capability and authority to act did not prevent the WTO from launching a new trading round in 2001; the Doha Development Agenda. For the first time in the history of GATT/WTO, a round was given specific prior to developing countries. Nevertheless, the supposed development prior of the Doha-Round is claimed to be a question of rhetoric rather than real attentions. To put it mildly, the Doha-negotiations have not been a ruler-straight assignment. Despite significant progresses, the Doha-talks have primarily been the subject of disagreements with the developed countries on one side of the table and the developing countries on the other, which has caused considerable delays in the negotiations. This thesis attempts to demonstrate the progresses and delays in the Doha-negotiations from four different perspectives. Following the introduction section of chapter 1, chapter 2 puts the WTO under magnifying glass in order to establish its influence as an international institution on the Doha-negotiations. Chapter 3 looks into the most important areas and actors of the negotiations consisting of varying groups in all directions, which in different ways have influenced the Doha-Round. Further, this section covers economic and political theories accounting for the areas and actors causing progresses and delays in terms of being primarily economically or politically related. Chapter 4 deals with different world affairs of present times, which are considered some of the main challenges for the international community and the spill-overs these may have on the DDA. Lastly, chapter 5 sums up and concludes the most substantial points of the fields analysed.
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato2008
Antal sider92
Udgivende institutionAalborg Universitet
ID: 14380012