The Consequences of Mining in Peru

Studenteropgave: Kandidatspeciale og HD afgangsprojekt

  • Daniel Fiil Kruhøffer
4. semester, Udviklingsstudier, Kandidat (Kandidatuddannelse)
Under the capitalist train of thought, the increase of capital is the most important part. This has led to a world where the driving factor behind every political decision made been to increase the profits that can be made from the production. From the increase in growth, the development of the countries should come as a byproduct of the elite gaining a higher amount of wealth. As natural resources are discovered, the capitalist will immediately think about how they maximize the profits by extracting these resources.
The capitalist way of maximizing profits has led to a world where the regard for the natural environment and the safety of the workers always comes second to profit maximization. Latin America is one of the places in the world, where it is most visible. This development came as a byproduct of the neoliberal policies introduced in the 1980s and 1990s as an answer to the debt crisis the countries were in before.
In Peru, the privatization and opening for foreign investment and ownership had its start in 1990, as the government wanted the country to be more attractive to the investors. During the 90s the government did not have high regard for either nature or the indigenous or rural populations. Even though there were enacted policies for the protection of both, they were not followed through on, before a change in government in 2000. The Peruvian population has been through much in its history and is therefore not adverse to protests from the policymakers and the juridical system.
This has been necessary as the miners seldom have any care for either the natural environment or the indigenous population. Therefore, many people in the rural areas have lost their means of production, as the consequences of the mining sector keep getting larger, as the sector does itself. This is despite the prices decreasing, and productivity of the mines stagnating. The increasing sector has caused many people to feel they are not being heard regarding their fears of social and environmental damages caused by the industry.
Peru has entered a spiral of protest, and countermeasures being taking by the miners. These countermeasures are different when talking about the miners in the different regions of Peru. In some regions, the owners are paying for private security from the police, while in other regions the miners are defending themselves with whatever means they deem necessary.
SpecialiseringsretningLatin American Studies
Udgivelsesdato28 maj 2021
Antal sider36
ID: 413070616