Moldova and the EU: Building Relations with the New Neighbor

Studenteropgave: Kandidatspeciale og HD afgangsprojekt

  • Lasse Blichfeldt Hansen
4. semester, Udviklingsstudier, Kandidat (Kandidatuddannelse)
This paper works with a problem formulation concerning the relations between the EU and the Republic of Moldova. The problem is lighted from different angles.
First of all there is a thoroughly examination of how the current situation in Moldova is and how it has developed over time. This is included to understand what the challenges facing Moldova are and how this may affect the way the EU views Moldova as a partner.
This is followed by a description of the EU’s activities in the area. The EU Neighborhood Policy (ENP) forms the main branch of this part of the paper, since the relations between Moldova and the EU can be affected by the EU’s policy towards the neighborhood as a whole. This includes a view on the two branches within the ENP: the Eastern Partnership and the Union for the Mediterranean. The purpose of including this aspect is because the EU is not one heterogeneous actor, but an international organization of different states that may have different interests. Furthermore, the EU’s cooperation with Moldova is described along with some critical aspects.

The theoretical base of the paper consists of a span of international relations theories, in accordance with the pragmatic philosophy and theoretic pluralist view that the paper builds on. Some of the normally opposing theories of international relations are used here to illuminate the problem at different levels. The (Neo-)Realist perspective is used to see what interests the two actors have in each other on a grand scale. As a contrast to this, Liberalism, and within this tradition a theory of Transnationalism, is used to understand how the different actors within the two units, the EU and Moldova, interacts with each other.
Within these two levels of analysis the Copenhagen School of Security Studies, by Barry Buzan, Ole Wæver and Jaap de Wilde, is applied to create a further structuring of the chapters and create an understanding of some of the challenges and interests involved in the process. This theory works with a concept of securitization and security within five different sectors. This theory is relevant, since one of the main purposes of the ENP is to create a stable and secure neighborhood. The sectors are then used to provide a structure to understand the security challenges concerning the two parts and thereby to understand the interests they have in each other.
To put the interactions into a larger scale some perspectives of Critical Theory are applied to understand the unequal relations between the actors. This is especially through looking at the relations within a light of World System Theory, a theory that sees the world as consisting of a powerful core and a less powerful periphery.

In total these aspects lead up to an understanding of how the relations between the EU and Moldova are.
Udgivelsesdato31 maj 2011
Antal sider74


ID: 52695614