How Science Moves: Interdisciplinary Import in Human-Centered Informatics

Studenteropgave: Speciale (inkl. HD afgangsprojekt)

  • Janus Hove Jørgensen
Despite many attempts, the concept interdisciplinarity seems difficult to define, at least in a linguistic form. This has caused for some confusion of concepts and a lack of clarity regarding method in interdisciplinary science. However, tendencies toward e.g. problem-orientation, holistic approaches as wells as the emergence of new technologies make it relevant to examine how interdisciplinarity unfolds. Human-Centered Informatics (Humanistisk Datalogi) is a good and typical example of a field in which interdisciplinarity is a basic term. Drawing upon the semiotics of C.S. Peirce, I will present a conceptialisation of interdisciplinarity within Human-Centered Informatics. This conceptualisation is expressed through dividing science into a trichotomy of 'Domain', corresponding to Peirces notion of firstness, 'Analysis', corresponding to secondness, and 'Theory' corresponding to thirdness. With Richmonds [2005, 2006] idea of |>* (trichonic) and his vectorial analysis as a basis, interdisciplinarity is conceptualised as movements within this scientific triad. In this process, elements from other sciences are imported in the three different universes 'Domain', 'Analysis' and 'Theory'. I establish that this happens through some form of likeness in any of the three universes, and provide a simplified definition of what likeness means in this context. This conceptualisation of interdisciplinary science is a metaphor, according to which scientific elements 'move' from other sciences into Human-Centered Informatics. From this idea, I develop and present a model for interdisciplinarity, consisting of 6 different triadic operations which may come into play in interdisciplinary science. I provide examples of these 6 operations by applying them in an analysis in which I draw upon a broad selection of literature from the field of Human-Centered Informatics. I then proceed to derive the insights provided by the model, along these main lines: (1) The nature of the field Human-Centered Informatics, (2) The principle of tranfer of elements from other sciences, and its practical consequences and (3) The applicability of the model to other fields of science.
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato2008
Antal sider80
Udgivende institutionAalborg Universitet
ID: 14617511