EN SANSELIG OG TEORETISK PSYKOLOGFAGLIGHED - Om at forstå klientens verden

Studenteropgave: Speciale (inkl. HD afgangsprojekt)

  • Anne Kathrine Fredeløkke Rzempala
  • Mia Gyldendal Olesen
  • Line Drost Ødegaard Iversen
4. semester, Psykologi, Kandidat (Kandidatuddannelse)
With the near prospect of becoming psychologists, we wish to approach the forming of a personal theoretic and methodical standpoint. We understand such a reflexive practice as a mean to confront faulty ontological and epistemological assumptions (Feilberg, 2019, s. 48). In the context of the current reductionistic and rational zeitgeist we furthermore wish to elaborate on an understanding, that is including subtle aspects of the lived experience, such as feelings, sensations and impressions, theorized as aesthetic and practical forms of meaning. The project will focus on the following research question:

How can a sensing/sensuous and theoretical psychological professionality, with a focus on the unconscious and bodily aspects of the lived experience, further the understanding of the client's lifeworld in a therapeutic practice?

We wish to answer this question based on Jürgen Habermas’ practical knowledge in-terest (2005), where we focus on creating an understanding of a phenomenon to make a possible intervention in our future practice. Therefore, in this theoretical thesis, we investigate and construct a professionality within an existential phenomenological framework. We particularly build on the work of philosophers Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Hans-Georg Gadamer and Paul Ricoeur.
With inspiration from psychologist Casper Feilberg’s theory of a professional psychological habitus (2019), we suggest a personal psychological standpoint termed a sensing and theoretical psychological professionalism. This indicates that our theoretic and methodical standpoint is rooted in two parts; firstly, scientific, theoretical knowledge and method and secondly, a sensing aspect grounded in the psychologist's ability to understand the client based on the immediate and holistic experience comprising subtle forms of meanings. In concordance with the projects' interest in furthering our understanding of aesthetic and practical forms of meaning, we focus on two aspects: 1) The unconscious according to psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung and 2) bodily aspects of the lived experience according to Merleau-Ponty and therapist Eugene Gendlin.
In a discussion, we consider four questions. Firstly, we examine the complex process of understanding the client’s lifeworld in a therapeutic context. Secondly, we critically examine our suggested sensing and theoretical psychological professionalism. Thirdly, we consider the implications and influence of the present zeitgeist for both the psychologist and the client. Finally, we critically examine the project's phenomenological and hermeneutic methods and additionally discuss our approach to moderate eclecticism.
We conclude that the project’s suggestion of a sensing and theoretical psycho-logical professionalism is not a ‘correct’ position nor a final answer to our search for psychological professionality. Rather it is the beginning of a lifelong process of reflection and learning regarding our professional foundation. Consequently, this calls for patience, a supportive professional community and ongoing self-critical consideration of our professionalism and pre-understandings. Also, we find that a focus on the hu-man unconscious and bodily aspects of the full lived experience contribute to further-ing our understanding of the client’s lifeworld in terms of subtle, pre-reflexive, pre-linguistic and pre-conscious aspects.
Understanding the client’s world is moreover a demanding hermeneutic pro-cess that can be addressed with an open, non-controlling and courageous therapeutic attitude. Putting our understanding of professionality into perspective, we lastly call attention to limitations of our perspective in terms of the influence from the scientific veil on both psychologist and client. However, the project concludes that a sensing and theoretical psychological professionalism has the potential to challenge these issues through the means of a holistic and reflective understanding of the clients complex and lived experienced world.
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato28 maj 2021
Antal sider137
ID: 413109626