Domestic Political Factors, and It’s Impact on Nepal’s Foreign Policy Choices

Studenteropgave: Kandidatspeciale og HD afgangsprojekt

  • Dammar Bahadur Pachhai
4. semester, Udviklingsstudier, Kandidat (Kandidatuddannelse)
This paper aims to analyze Nepal’s foreign policy behavior, and its decision-making process and outcome in a historical perspective since early 1950 to till date. The domestic political environment was always vulnerable in inviting external influences intentionally or unintentionally. More importantly, since the restoration of democracy in 1990, it seems true that Nepal’s foreign policy generally run by the political leaders’ personal imperatives rather than global practicing of foreign policy approach and diplomacy, considering country’s needs and interests. From the mid-19th century to till now, Nepal’s regimes, and leaders or political elites all of them have common tendency to search for the external support or favor for their own regime’s stability, and in other case, political leaders’ own personal fulfillment. Since early 1950, every political or regime changes have occurred in Nepal, all of them have the external involvement in a greater extent. In many occasions after 1950, the several bilateral treaties and agreements have done by the political leaders’ and regimes’ own personal interests and accounts with the neighboring countries without considering it’s impacts towards country in general and its people. Besides the political factors, Nepal’s sandwiched like geography between India and China, Nepal perceived the great importance in geopolitical consideration, which have also the great impact on Nepal’s foreign policy maneuvering. The dramatic political change occurred by abolishing the long-standing historical monarchy in Nepal during 2006-2008, afterwards, Nepal’s northern neighbor China has extending its involvement in Nepal’s domestic matters despite the fact of China’s non-interfering foreign policy on internal matters. However, India has the overwhelming position in Nepal since 1950’s regime change in Nepal. Prior to 2006, Nepal’s monarch had maintained a generally accepted balanced foreign policy in dealing with India and China, which is now in question. It further attempts to explore how domestic political and other factors impact on Nepal’s foreign policy choices, decision-making process and outcome.

Key words: Nepal, foreign policy, influence, China, India, geography, domestic-politics, decision-making process, regime, political elite, leaders, external, internal domestic, stability, personal imperatives, monarchy, foreign, political change, historical perspectives, behavior
SpecialiseringsretningChinese Area Studies
Udgivelsesdato1 okt. 2013
Antal sider80
ID: 86433029