• Kristine Jeanett Nørgaard
  • Hozan Kadir
4. semester, Jura, Kandidat (Kandidatuddannelse)
The use of diplomatic assurance, as a political and legal tool, to expel non-nationals has been
an increasing occurrence during the last decades. In parallel with the increased use of
diplomatic assurances, there has arisen a debate about whether the use of diplomatic assurances
in Denmark is compatible with the country's international obligations.
The purpose of this thesis is to use the traditional legal dogmatic method, to emphasize
Denmark’s responsibility with regards to the use of diplomatic assurances in expelling nonnationals, with focus on the prohibition of torture in the European Human Right Convention
article 3. The thesis will firstly establish under which circumstances Denmark can expel nonnationals and secondly which conditions that should be met when making use of a diplomatic
assurance. Thirdly the thesis will determine which legal national- and international obligations
Denmark has according to the prohibition against torture and if these are in accordance with
the Danish legislation and legal practice and if not, this thesis will consider whether there is a
need for adjustment in the latest.
When using diplomatic assurances there are some clear criteria which must always be upheld,
for the purpose of sending a foreigner to a country, where there is a risk of torture. Both the
European Human Right Court in Strasbourg and United Nations Human Rights- and Torture
Committee has several times established, that the agreement must be precise, explicit and
detailed. Furthermore, the diplomatic assurance has to contain the possibility of monitoring the
agreement by the issued state and there should be access to terminate the assurance, in cases
where the Contracting State does not comply with the agreement.
After an analysis of several danish case laws, wherein the Danish government made use of a
diplomatic assurance, it can be concluded that even though Denmark overall acts in accordance
with international obligations, there are several factors, that indicate, that there is a need for
adjustments in the Danish legislation and legal practices regarding the use of diplomatic
assurance. The first step Denmark could take to adjust, is to incorporate the UN’s convention
against torture, so that it becomes a part of national law and legally binding for the Court and
thereby increase the citizens legal certainty. It has been recommended several times that
Denmark incorporate the convention, since the establishment in 1987.
Udgivelsesdato18 maj 2021
Antal sider87
Ekstern samarbejdspartnerDIGNITY - Danish Institute Against Torture
Senior rådgiver Elna Søndergaard es@dignity.dk
ID: 411955971